List of Vedic Literature| Sacred Hindu Scriptures

Religion has been around for as long as man has existed. While it certainly has evolved over the years, the belief in gods and deities is an ancient tradition and dates back thousands of years. The proof of many of these religions are seen in religious texts discovered by experts and specialists. The Kesh Temple Hymn is one of the oldest surviving pieces of literature in the world. The first discovered tablets that were a part of this work were found during the excavations of a library temple in Nippur, the most ancient Sumerian city which focused on the worship of the gods Enlil and Nenlil, who Sumerians believed created all things. The hymn consists of lines, originally split into eight different houses, each ending with a unique rhetorical question. The Pyramid Texts are known as one of the oldest religious texts in the world. During the 5th or 6th Dynasties of the Old Kingdom in Ancient Egypt, the text was carved on to the walls and within the sarcophagi of the Saqqara pyramids.

9 myths about Hinduism, debunked

The following list provides a somewhat common set of reconstructed dates for the terminus ante quem of Hindu texts , by title or genre. All dates here given ought to be regarded as roughly approximate, subject to further revision, and generally as relying for their validity on highly inferential methods and standards of evidence. It is also notable that Hinduism largely followed an oral tradition to pass on knowledge, for which there is no record of historical dates; hence, the below dates are to be considered as to when written records of these texts were found, and not necessarily when they originated.

The early Upanishads were composed over – BCE.

The Vedas, meaning “knowledge,” are the oldest texts of Hinduism. while it is not possible to establish precise dates for each of the ancient texts, it is believed​.

Jump to navigation. Krishna, whose birthday we celebrate with Janmashtami every year, is supposed to have been the mouthpiece of the messages in the Bhagavad Gita. The Gita is most popularly known as the “holy book of Hindus”, but did you know that there are actually several Gitas, out of which the Bhagavata Gita was taken up as the prime book encompassing the total message of Hinduism?

Hinduism has developed for over years through eight phases in history:. It needs to be noted that though this is the historical progression of Hinduism, there are many who believe Hinduism to be an ahistorical school of thought where all Hindu ideas are timeless. This divide in the beliefs often hinder studies on Hinduism and politicise the issue. Another problem with dating the history of Hinduism comes from the fact that writing became common in India only after Emperor Ashoka popularised the Brahmi script through his edicts barely years ago.

Different ideas amplify from time to time. Old ideas coexist with new ones. Contradictory ideas influence each other. He explains that unlike most parts of the world, ideas in India do not get completely wiped out to be replaced by a new idea. The Vedic ideas were very abstract in nature and the new worldviews — be it Buddhism or Islam or Christianity — helped reaffirm Vedic ideas in different ways. This timelessness of Vedic ideas often make people say that the writings are not human in nature, but this is most likely an undue glorification of Vedic ideas.

But what needs to be noted is that the information in the Vedas is not objective — they are fluid ideas and change as per the world time in which it is read, the reader’s perspective and the context of the reading.

10 Oldest Religious Texts in The World

Shruti works are considered to have been heard and transmitted by earthly sages, as contrasted to Smriti , or that which is remembered by ordinary human beings. Though Shruti is considered to be the more authoritative , in practice the Smriti texts are more influential in modern Hinduism. Info Print Cite.

Hinduism boasts a diverse collection of sacred writings. Hindu sacred texts are classified as either Shruti (“heard,” meaning revelation) or Smriti (“remembered,”​.

The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization and the most sacred books of India. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings , containing spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of life. The word Veda means wisdom, knowledge or vision, and it serves to manifest the language of the gods in human speech. The laws of the Vedas have regulated the social, legal, domestic and religious customs of Hindus up to the present day.

All the obligatory duties of Hindus at birth, marriage, death etc. It is difficult to say when the earliest portions of the Vedas came into existence, but it seems clear they are among the very earliest written wisdom documents produced humans. As the ancient Hindus seldom kept any historical record of their religious, literary and political realization, it is difficult to determine the period of the Vedas with precision.

Historians provide us many guesses but none are guaranteed to be precise. Tradition has it that humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, but that God taught the Vedic hymns to the sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth.

Transformation of Hinduism, origins of the Bhagavad Gita, and how it doesn’t tell just one truth

The History of Bharat Indian Subcontinent can be traced in fragments as far back as , years ago. The Indus Valley civilization , one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 10, years. Human civilizations in India are some of the earliest ever and were as significant as counterpart civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.

When we study vast stretches mentioned in Hindu Texts, we have to depend on other tools. ‘ ‘ Presuming the rate of production of carbon to.

Discussion in ‘ Hinduism ‘ started by Suraj , Jan 13, Log in or Sign up. Interfaith forums. Joined: Jan 11, Messages: 20 Likes Received: 0. I was inspired to start this thread after the discussion with Agnideva on Yoga Vasista. Agniveda says it is believed the Yoga Vasista was composed in the 6th century CE. Yet, this text is suppose to be the discourses between Lord Rama and the sage Vasishta, which is many many millenias before.

Yet, of one reads it, it’s reads as authentic and very detailed to have been fabricated. How could the author presumably anonymous? Was it passed down through oral communication? This would be true for all Hindus text from the vedic and pre vedic period, such as the Vedas, Upanishads, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Bhagvad Gita.

Hinduism – I

The Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They also had a vast influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Traditionally the text of the Vedas was coeval with the universe. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda, the oldest of the four Vedas, was composed about B.

Major Hindu Scriptures Dating from at least 1, B.C.E. and completed about B.C.E. This veda is divided Upaniṣads – speculative philosophical texts.

Most of the psychiatry practice in India is guided by the western concepts of mental health and illness, which have largely ignored the role of religion, family, eastern philosophy, and medicine in understanding and managing the psychiatric disorders. India comprises of diverse cultures, languages, ethnicities, and religious affiliations.

However, besides these diversities, there are certain commonalities, which include Hinduism as a religion which is spread across the country, the traditional family system, ancient Indian system of medicine and emphasis on use of traditional methods like Yoga and Meditation for controlling mind. This article discusses as to how mind and mental health are understood from the point of view of Hinduism, Indian traditions and Indian systems of medicine.

Further, the article focuses on as to how these Indian concepts can be incorporated in the practice of contemporary psychiatry. Most of the psychiatry practice in India and around the world is guided by the western American and European concepts of mental health and illness. These concepts of psychiatry which have dominated the field in the last century or so have mostly been developed for individuals with an internal locus of control as in the west and have largely ignored the role of religion, family, eastern philosophy and medicine in understanding and managing the psychiatric disorders.

Indianization of psychiatry utilizing Indian mental concepts

The Age of Vedas The sacred books of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam have definite historical dates assigned to them. The Tripitakas are said to have been written about the time of Asoka , though the Buddha’s date , according to some puranas, went further back by several centuries. The Koran, which is the word of God conveyed to the Prophet, is about 1, years old.

The Puranic chronology gives a timeline of Hindu history according to the Hindu scriptures. Two central dates are the Mahabharata War, which according to this.

A recipient of several awards for both music and dance, Priya is also a freelance writer online. She currently writes for About. Please wait Sign up Sign in. Shopping Cart 0. Favorites 0. The Ancient Wisdom of the Vedas. The Vedas are ancient Hindu texts, constituting the oldest written material of Sanskrit literature and scriptures ever available to Hinduism.

Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, these texts are considered to be apauruseva; meaning, “not of a man, but of a superhuman” or “authorless”. The Vedas are also referred to as Sruti that which is heard and Smriti that which is remembered.


Hinduism is one of a few ancient religions to survive into modern times. Initially it did not have a specific religious connotation. The religious meaning of the term did not develop for roughly another years. Hinduism does not have a single holy book that guides religious practice. Instead, Hinduism has a large body of spiritual texts that guide devotees.

Though no one can assign any definite date to the Vedas, Oreintalists are anxious According to Hindu Scriptures, there have been many creations before​, and.

Whenever information is provided ,especially about tht vast stretches of Time and archaeological finds relating to Indian History ivam immediately asked whether it is is Carbon dated. I wrote articles on Thiruvannamalai being 3. May be it can be extended to years by accelersted technics. Indian History extends beyond , years. Even this assumes the equillibrium between the environment and an assumption that Carbon days at a fixed level.

And if any Nuclear Blast had taken place between the time when the object has been found and the time when you measure it, the reading will nit be accurarate because the Nuclear Explosion would have changed the Isotope levels in the atmosphere. And this I call the arrogance of Science. When we study vast stretches mentioned in Hindu Texts , we have to depend on other tools.

Various tests of reliability have confirmed the value of carbon data, and many examples provide an interesting range of application.

Structure of the Vedas

Ancient Hindus were very clever. They classified not only plants and animals for the first time in human history but also the books. Since they were mathematical geniuses they used the numbers for all their anthologies, poetry, books, verses etc. They had very high numeracy and literacy skills that was not seen in any other part of the world. They have called their scriptures after numbers Chatur 4 Veda, Ashtadyayi Eight Chapters or Paniniyam , Sahasranamam names , Satakam verses , Dasakam 10 verses , Ahtakam 8 verses.

India’s history essentially includes all of the Indian subcontinent, including the to the later dating of Muller) numerous secondary Hindu scriptures (smriti) are.

No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about — bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a liturgical body that in part grew up around the soma ritual and sacrifice and were recited or chanted during rituals. They praised a wide pantheon of gods, some of whom personified natural and cosmic phenomena, such as fire Agni , the Sun Surya and Savitri , dawn Ushas, a goddess , storms the Rudras , and rain Indra , while others represented abstract qualities such as friendship Mitra , moral authority Varuna , kingship Indra , and speech Vach, a goddess.

Sacred formulas known as mantras were recited by the adhvaryu , the priest responsible for the sacrificial fire and for carrying out the ceremony. A few centuries later, perhaps about bce , the Brahmana s were composed as glosses on the Vedas, containing many myths and explanations of rituals. The whole of the literature seems to have been preserved orally although there may have been early manuscripts to assist memory.

Hindu Scriptures, Vedas, Upanishads and Gita

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